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S P E C I F I C AT I O N S Carleton Library Series October 2015 978-0-7735-4427-7 34.95A US 23.99 paper 6 x 9 344pp Ebook available 4 0 M Q U P F A L L 2 0 1 5 S P E C I F I C AT I O N S Studies on the History of Quebectudes dhistoire du Qubec October 2015 978-0-7735-4393-5 37.95A US 25.99 paper 6 x 9 296pp 16 bw photos Ebook available S P E C I F I C AT I O N S October 2015 978-0-7735-4308-9 39.95A US 27.99 paper 6 x 9 456pp 27 tables 35 diagrams Ebook available P O L I T I C A L S C I E N C E P U B L I C P O L I C Y n e w i n pa p e r Asleep at the Switch The Political Economy of Federal Research and Development Policy since 1960 bruce smardon Why Canadian industrial RD remains limited in comparison with other economies and how federal policy contributes to the problem. C A N A D I A N H I S T O R Y U R B A N S T U D I E S n e w i n pa p e r Des socits distinctes Gouverner les banlieues bourgeoises de Montral 18801939 harold brub A political and social history of suburban governance on the island of Montreal. E D U C AT I O N P O L I C Y S T U D I E S n e w i n pa p e r The Development of Postsecondary Education Systems in Canada A Comparison between British Columbia Ontario and Quebec 19802010 edited by donald fisher kjell rubenson theresa shanahan and claude trottier How higher education policy affects educational outcomes. In 2006 fteen suburban municipalities of Mon- treal partially regained the autonomy they lost during the 2002 mergers. The fact that most of these were afuent suburbs did not go unnoticed. Supporters of the one island one city project saw the demerged municipalities as scal and lin- guistic enclaves refusing integration into the wider metropolitan community but for merger oppo- nents they represented the last political institu- tions of Quebecs anglophone community with long-established local identities and distinct politi- cal cultures. Harold Brub studies three of these distinct societies Westmount Pointe-Claire and Town of Mount Royal between the end of the nine- teenth century and the beginning of the Second World War demonstrating that they were the stage for a distinctive form of suburban gover- nance rooted in the search for socioeconomic distinction in a quickly changing metropolitan en- vironment. Through the use of local government municipal politicians created a physical and social environment that clearly set them apart from the rest of the island and that conformed to a bour- geois suburban ideal. Harold Brub is professor of history Universit de Sherbrooke and a member of the Laboratoire dhistoire et de patrimoine de Montral. Signicant public investment and increased access to higher education lead to economic develop- ment governments across the political and ideo- logical spectrum believe this and have designed and implemented policy based on this understand- ing. The Development of Postsecondary Educa- tion Systems in Canada examines how these policies affect the structure and performance of postsecondary education. This comprehensive study compares the evolution and outcomes of higher education policy in British Columbia On- tario and Quebec over the past three decades. The authors begin with an understanding that in order to explain the role of postsecondary educa- tion in society they must locate systemic change. Drawing on documentary analysis and interviews the focus is on how policy priorities are reected in system behaviours performance funding arrangements design and structural components. Donald Fisher is professor in the Department of Educational Studies at the University of British Columbia. Kjell Rubenson is professor in the De- partment of Educational Studies at the University of British Columbia. Theresa Shanahan is associ- ate dean Research and Professional Development at the Faculty of Education York University. Claude Trottier is professor emeritus in the Fac- ulty of Education Sciences at Universit Laval. Since 1960 Canadian industry has lagged behind other advanced capitalist economies in its level of commitment to research and development. Asleep at the Switch explains the reasons for this under- performance despite a series of federal measures to spur technological innovation in Canada. Bruce Smardon argues that the underlying issue in Canadas longstanding failure to innovate is structural and can be traced to the rapid diffu- sion of American Fordist practices into the manu- facturing sector of the early twentieth century. Under the inuence of Fordism Canadian indus- try came to depend heavily on outside sources of new technology particularly from the United States. Though this initially brought in substantial foreign capital and led to rapid economic develop- ment the resulting branch-plant industrial struc- ture led to the prioritization of business interests over transformative and innovative industrial strategies. This situation was exacerbated in the early 1960s by the Glassco framework which as- sumed that the best way for the federal state to foster domestic technological capacity was to fund private sector research and collaborative strategies with private capital. Remarkably and with few results federal programs and measures continued to emphasize a market-oriented approach. Bruce Smardon is associate professor of political science at York University.