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Though some believe that the Indian treaties of the 1870s achieved a unity of purpose between the Canadian government and First Nations in From Treaties to Reserves D.J. Hall asserts that as a result of profound cultural differences each side interpreted the negotiations differently leading to conict and an acute sense of betrayal when nei- ther group accomplished what the other had asked. Hall explores the original intentions behind the governments policies illustrates their attempts at cooperation and claries their actions. While the government believed that the Aboriginal peoples of what is now southern and central Alberta desired rapid change the First Nations in contrast be- lieved that the government was committed to sup- porting the preservation of their culture while they adapted to change. Government policies intended to motivate backred leading instead to poverty starvation and cultural restriction. Many policies were also culturally insensitive revealing miscon- ceptions of Aboriginal people as lazy and over- dependent on government rations. Yet the rst two decades of reserve life still witnessed most First Nations people participating in reserve economies many of the rst generation of reserve-born children graduated from schools with some improved ability to cope with reserve life and there was also more positive cooperation between government and First Nations people than is commonly acknowledged. The Indian treaties of the 1870s meant very different things to government ofcials and First Nations. Rethinking the interaction between the two groups From Treaties to Reserves elucidates the complexities of this relationship. D.J. Hall is a retired professor of Canadian history at the University of Alberta. 6 M Q U P F A L L 2 0 1 5 C A N A D I A N H I S T O R Y I N D I G E N O U S S T U D I E S From Treaties to Reserves The Federal Government and Native Peoples in Territorial Alberta 18701905 d.j. hall How divergent understandings of treaties contributed to a heritage of distrust. S P E C I F I C AT I O N S November 2015 978-0-7735-4595-3 34.95A CDN 34.95A US 23.99 paper 978-0-7735-4594-6 100.00S CDN 100.00S US 69.00 cloth 6 x 9 512pp 26 photos 6 maps Ebook available