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Early in the Great Depression English and French business leaders in Mon- treal presided over the reorganization and rationalization of Catholic chari- ties in their communities with the blessing but not the active participation of the Church. Thus started a decades-long transition from religious charity to public welfare from largely volunteer work to professional social work from charity provided by alms to private assistance nanced by centralized large-scale campaigns. Focusing on the Fdration des uvres de charit canadiennes-franaises and the Federation of Catholic Charities Amlie Bourbeau analyzes organi- zational records newspapers government reports and personal papers to provide new insights into the history of Catholic charities in Montreal. Far from experiencing a linear development Bourbeau argues both francophone and anglophone federations were sites of experimentation and innovation but also conict between volunteers and professionals laypeople and clergy traditional charity and modern assistance and sometimes between the communities and the federations themselves as they evolved towards their current afliation with state-run social work. From the Great Depression through to the Quiet Revolution citizenship the role of the state and the meanings of religion and language were all subjects of dramatic debate and change in Quebec. By looking closely at the history of social assistance Techniciens de lorganisation sociale provides a new vantage point from which to understand these transformations. Amlie Bourbeau is adjunct professor of history at Universit de Sherbrooke. Nutrition advice is ubiquitous. So many experts give their opinion on which foods to favour and which to avoid that the question of diet has now become a matter of obsession. While alerting the public to the dangers of obesity diabetes and other potential issues that await undisciplined eaters health professionals and government agencies also identify those responsible for these modern epidemics it is often individuals and usually mothers who make poor choices. In Nourrir la machine humaine Caroline Durand traces the origins of this rhetoric and shows how nutrition has contributed to the modernization of Quebec in a period marked by industrialization urbanization two world wars and a major economic crash. She analyzes the writings and images disseminated by physicians nurses nutritionists nuns teachers and civil servants and shows how the rational diet they promulgated made women children farmers and workers responsible for their own health while enjoin- ing them to view their body as a machine of production in service to the state and the market. She also discusses the evolution of Quebec dietary habits and reveals that despite the nutritional directives in place the population maintained its preferences and mostly adopted the foods that it judged affordable and desirable. Nourrir la machine humaine questions the pertinence of nutritional advice within Quebec society and proposes explanations of its ideological and scientic roots its effectiveness and the resistance it engenders. Caroline Durand is assistant professor of history and Canadian studies at Trent University. 2 9 M Q U P F A L L 2 0 1 6 S P E C I F I C AT I O N S Studies on the History of Quebectudes dhistoire du Qubec August 2016 978-0-7735-4568-7 37.95A CDN 37.95A US 28.99 paper 6 x 9 312pp 8 gures 3 tables Ebook available S P E C I F I C AT I O N S Studies on the History of Quebectudes dhistoire du Qubec August 2016 978-0-7735-4489-5 37.95A CDN 37.95A US 28.99 paper 6 x 9 320pp 12 illustrations 6 tables Ebook available n e w i n pa p e r Techniciens de lorganisation sociale La rorganisation de lassistance catholique prive Montral 19301974 amlie bourbeau How experts businessmen and volunteers reorganized Catholic charities in twentieth- century Quebec. C A N A D I A N H I S T O R Y F O O D S T U D I E SC A N A D I A N H I S T O R Y P O L I T I C A L H I S T O R Y n e w i n pa p e r Nourrir la machine humaine Nutrition et alimentation au Qubec 18601945 caroline durand A study of foodways and food advice in a modernizing Quebec.