Martin Luther (1483–1546) famously began the Reformation, a movement that shook Europe with religious schism and social upheaval. While his Ninety-Five Theses and other theological works have received centuries of scrutiny and recognition, his political writings have traditionally been dis- missed as inconsistent or incoherent. God and Government focuses on Luther’s interpretations of theology and the Bible, the historical context of the Reformation, and a wide range of writ- ings that have been misread or misappropriated. Re-contextualizing and clari- fying Luther’s political ideas, Jarrett Carty contends that the political writings are best understood through Luther’s “two kingdoms” teaching, in which human beings are at once subjects of a spiritual inner kingdom, and another temporal outer kingdom. Focusing on Luther’s interpretations of theology and the Bible, the historical context of the Reformation, and a wide range of writ- ings that have been misread or ignored, Carty traces how Luther applied polit- ical theories to the most difficult challenges of the Reformation, such as the Peasants’ War of 1525 and the Protestant resistance against the Holy Roman Empire, as well as social changes and educational reforms. The book further compares Luther’s political thought to that of Protestant and Catholic political reformers of the sixteenth century. Intersecting scholarship from political theory, religious studies, history, and theology, God and Government offers a comprehensive look at Martin Luther’s political thought across his career and writings. Jarrett A. Carty is associate professor in the Liberal Arts College at Concordia University. Canadians were once church-goers. During the post-war boom of the 1950s, Canadian churches were vibrant institutions, with attendance rates even higher than in the United States, but the following decade witnessed emptying pews. What happened? In Leaving Christianity Brian Clarke and Stuart Macdonald quantitatively map the nature and extent of Canadians’ disengagement from organized reli- gion and assess the implications for Canadian society and its religious institu- tions. Drawing on a wide array of national and denominational statistics, they illustrate how the exodus that began with disaffected baby boomers and their parents has become so widespread that religiously unaffiliated Canadians are now the new majority. While the old mainstream Protestant churches have been the hardest hit, the Roman Catholic Church has also experienced a significant decline in numbers, especially in Quebec. Canada’s civil society has historically depended on church members for support, and a massive drift away from churches has profound implications for its future. Leaving Christianity documents the true extent of the decline, the timing of it, and the reasons for this major cultural shift. Brian Clarke teaches in the Toronto School of Theology and Emmanuel College at the University of Toronto. Stuart Macdonald is professor at Knox College and instructor in the Toronto School of Theology at the University of Toronto. 3 9 M Q U P F A L L 2 0 1 7 S P E C I F I C AT I O N S McGill-Queen’s Studies in the History of Ideas November 2017 978-0-7735-5151-0 $34.95A CDN, $34.95A US, £29.99 paper 978-0-7735-5150-3 $120.00S CDN, $120.00S US, £103.00 cloth 6 x 9 208pp eBook available R E L I G I O U S S T U D I E S • P O L I T I C A L P H I L O S O P H Y God and Government Martin Luther’s Political Thought jarrett a. carty A compelling account of the political thought of the man who started the Reformation. S P E C I F I C AT I O N S Advancing Studies in Religion Series November 2017 978-0-7735-5087-2 $32.95A CDN, $32.95A US, £27.99 paper 978-0-7735-5086-5 $110.00S CDN, $110.00S US, £95.00 cloth 6 x 9 312pp 57 tables eBook available Leaving Christianity Changing Allegiances in Canada since 1945 brian clarke and stuart macdonald Why Canadians started to walk away from organized Christianity in the 1960s and how that defection became an exodus. R E L I G I O U S S T U D I E S