A gripping account of the devastating “last chap- ter” of the Holocaust, written by a privileged eye- witness, the secretary of the Hungarian Judenrat and a member of Budapest’s Jewish elite, How It Happened is a unique testament to the senseless brutality that, in a matter of months, decimated what was Europe’s largest and last-surviving Jew- ish community. Writing immediately after the war and examin- ing only those critical months of 1944 when Hitler’s Germany occupied its ally Hungary, Ernő Munkácsi describes the Judenrat’s desperation and fear as it attempted to prevent the looming catas- trophe, agonized over decisions not made, and struggled to grasp the immensity of a tragedy that would take the lives of 427,000 Hungarian Jews in the very last year of the Second World War. This long-overdue translation makes available Munkácsi’s profound and unparalleled insight into the Holocaust in Hungary, revealing the “choiceless choices” that confronted members of the Judenrat forced to execute the Nazis’ orders. With an in- depth introduction, a brief biography of Ernő Munkácsi, ample annotations by László Csosz and Ferenc Laczó, two dozen archival photographs, and detailed maps, How It Happened is an essential resource for historians and students of the Holo- caust, the Second World War, and Central Europe. Ernő Munkácsi (1896–1950), a distinguished Hungarian jurist and writer, was general counsel of the Israelite Congregation of Pest and director of the Hungarian Jewish Museum. In 1944, during the Nazi occupation of Hungary, he served as sec- retary for the Hungarian Central Jewish Council or Judenrat. Nina Munk is a Canadian-American journalist and author. She is a contributing editor at Vanity Fair and the author of The Idealist: Jeffrey Sachs and the Quest to End Poverty. László Csosz is senior archivist at the Hungarian National Archives in Budapest and co-author, with Gábor Kádár and Zoltán Vági, of The Holo- caust in Hungary: Evolution of a Genocide. Ferenc Laczó is assistant professor of history at Maastricht University and author of Hungarian Jews in the Age of Catastrophe: An Intellectual History, 1929–1948. Péter Balikó Lengyel is a Hungarian writer and translator who earned his master’s and PhD candidacy in English at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Susan Papp is a PhD candidate in the Department of History at the University of Toronto and author of Outcasts: A Love Story. 4 J E W I S H S T U D I E S • H O L O C A U S T S T U D I E S M Q U P F A L L 2 0 1 8 How It Happened Documenting the Tragedy of Hungarian Jewry ernŐ munkácsi edited by nina munk A detailed, first-hand account of the atrocities committed against Hungarian Jews during the Holocaust. S P E C I F I C AT I O N S November 2018 -i2l9lii87l77,cl-ZZ u8Sn-7NZbmU4Zuc-n-7NZA64Zgccn--ZZ150r$ hZBZ-ZZ8h933ZZ,cZ3$0r0.4ZSZko3.ZZZ a:00£ZoDot5oT5a