Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 482 5 M Q U P S P R I N G 2 0 1 7 At the turn of the nineteenth century, the recogni- tion that individual and collective freedom lay at the foundation of the social order held out the hope for a more or less definitive solution to the problems of poverty and crime. But, in Quebec as elsewhere, the aspirations associated with the transition to democracy and “liberalism” rapidly gave way to a bourgeois ideology where the poor were held personally responsible for their sad plight – since they were free, their poverty was al- legedly their own fault. Jean-Marie Fecteau analyzes this complex his- tory and the ways in which it was influenced by both the specific conditions of Quebec’s political context and the overarching issues raised by the transition to liberal democracy in the West. The Pauper’s Freedom is a connected history that of- fers a profound renewal of the sociopolitical his- tory of the nineteenth century. Fecteau takes an original approach to the role played by the province’s institutions – including the state and the Catholic Church – and details the liberal mode of regulation that was then spreading throughout the western world. In addition to offering a penetrating discussion of the history of the regulation of crime and poverty, The Pauper’s Freedom also engages in an ambitious consideration of the global history of liberalism as a new relationship to the world – a relationship that continues to shape our lives. Jean-Marie Fecteau (1949–2012) was the director of the Centre d’histoire des régulations sociales and an emeritus professor in the Department of History at Université du Québec à Montréal. Peter Feldstein is a translator who won the Gover- nor General’s Award for Translation for Paul- Émile Borduas: A Critical Biography. He lives in Montreal. Martin Petitclerc is director of the Centre d’histoire des régulations sociales and professor in the Department of History at Université du Québec à Montréal. Q U E B E C H I S T O R Y • C R I M I N O L O G Y The Pauper’s Freedom Crime and Poverty in Nineteenth-Century Quebec jean-marie fecteau Translated by Peter Feldstein Introduction by Martin Petitclerc S P E C I F I C AT I O N S Studies on the History of Quebec/Études d’histoire du Québec June 2017 978-0-7735-4948-7 $37.95A CDN, $37.95A US, £33.00 paper 978-0-7735-4947-0 $110.00S CDN, $110.00S US, £95.00 cloth 6 x 9 408pp