Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44 Page 45 Page 46 Page 47 Page 483 6 M Q U P S P R I N G 2 0 1 7 Historians have mainly concentrated on the significance of the Marshall Plan, the creation of nato, and exports of pop culture to describe the role of North Americans in the development of West Germany after the devastation of the Second World War. In Saving Germany, James Enns brings an entirely new focus to West Germany’s recovery by demonstrating how North American missionaries played a formative role in cultivating the humanitarian and spiritual conscience of postwar Germany. Enns explores a range of Protestant missionary agencies active in West Germany, from mainline churches overseeing ecumenical humanitarian and church reconstruction projects to independent evangelical mission agencies working alongside local church groups. He identifies notable themes that con- textualize the spectrum of missionary responses, including the degree to which missionaries intentionally functioned as agents of Western democracy. In addi- tion to discussions of well-known figures such as US evangelist Billy Graham, Enns highlights the important contributions of the Janz Quartet from the Canadian prairies and Robert Kreider of the Mennonite Central Committee. Tracking thirty years of transnational Christian missionary work, Saving Germany demonstrates the significant role of North American missionary agencies in the reconstruction of Germany. James Enns is professor of history at Prairie College. In 1984, Noel Swerdlow and Otto Neugebauer argued that Nicholas Coper- nicus (1473–1543) explained planetary motion by using mathematical de- vices and astronomical models originally developed by Islamic astronomers in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Was this a parallel development, or did Copernicus somehow learn of the work of his predecessors, and if so, how? And if Copernicus did use material from the Islamic world, how then should we understand the European context of his innovative cosmology? Foregrounding the importance of interactions between Islamic and Euro- pean astronomers and philosophers, Before Copernicus explores the multi- cultural, multi-religious, and multi-lingual context of learning on the eve of the Copernican revolution, determining the relationship between Copernicus and his predecessors. Essays by Christopher Celenza and Nancy Bisaha delve into the European cultural and intellectual contexts of the fifteenth century, revealing both the profound differences between “them” and “us,” and the nascent attitudes that would mark the turn to modernity. Michael Shank, F. Jamil Ragep, Sally Ragep, and Robert Morrison depict the vibrant and creative work of astronomers in the Christian, Islamic, and Jewish worlds. In other essays, Rivka Feldhay, Raz Chen-Morris, and Edith Sylla demon- strate the importance of shifting outlooks that were critical for the emer- gence of a new worldview. Highlighting the often-neglected intercultural exchange between Islam and early modern Europe, Before Copernicus reimagines the scientific revolution in a global context. Rivka Feldhay is professor emerita at the Cohn Institute for History and Philosophy of Science and Ideas at Tel Aviv University. F. Jamil Ragep is Canada Research Chair in the History of Science in Islamic Societies at McGill University. S P E C I F I C AT I O N S McGill-Queen’s Studies in the History of Religion March 2017 978-0-7735-4913-5 $34.95A CDN, $34.95A US, £29.99 paper 978-0-7735-4912-8 $110.00S CDN, $110.00S US, £95.00 cloth 6 x 9 328pp 1 map eBook available S P E C I F I C AT I O N S June 2017 978-0-7735-5010-0 $39.95A CDN, $39.95A US, £34.00 paper 978-0-7735-5009-4 $125.00S CDN, $125.00S US, £108.00 cloth 6 x 9 400pp 22 illustrations eBook available Saving Germany North American Protestants and Christian Mission to West Germany, 1945–1974 james enns With Nazism defeated and Communism encroach- ing, Christian missionaries left for Germany to fight for the soul of a nation. H I S T O R Y O F S C I E N C E A N D T E C H N O L O G Y • E U R O P E A N H I S T O R Y E U R O P E A N H I S T O R Y • R E L I G I O U S S T U D I E S Before Copernicus The Cultures and Contexts of Scientific Learning in the Fifteenth Century edited by rivka feldhay and f. jamil ragep A multi-disciplinary approach to Copernicus’s momentous transformation from geocentric to heliocentric cosmology.