With over 240 million migrants in the world, including over 65 million forced migrants and refugees, states have turned to draconian measures to stem the flow of irregular migration, including the criminalization of migration itself. Canada, perceived as a nation of immigrants and touted as one of the most generous countries in the world today for its reception of refugees, has not been immune from these practices. This book examines “crimmigration” – the criminalization of migration – from national and comparative perspectives, drawing attention to the increas- ing use of criminal law measures, public policies, and practices that stigmatize or diminish the rights of forced migrants and refugees within a dominant public discourse that not only stereotypes and criminalizes but marginalizes forced migrants. Leading researchers, legal scholars, and practitioners provide in-depth analyses of theoretical concerns, legal and public policy dimensions, historic migration crises, and the current dynamics and future prospects of crimmigration. The editors situate each chapter within the existing migration literature and outline a way forward for the decriminalization of migration through the vigorous promotion and advancement of human rights. Building on recent legal, policy, academic, and advocacy initiatives, The Criminalization of Migration maps how the predominant trend toward the criminalization of migration in Canada and abroad can be reversed for the benefit of all, especially those forced to migrate for the protection of their inherent human rights and dignity. Idil Atak is associate professor of criminology at Ryerson University. James C. Simeon is associate professor in the School of Public Policy and Administration at York University. In a context where linguistic and cultural diversity is characterized by ever- increasing complexity, adopting official multilingual policies to correct a country’s ethno-linguistic, socio-economic, and symbolic imbalances presents many obstacles, but the greatest challenge is implementing them effectively. To what degree and in what ways have official multilingualism and multicul- turalism policies actually succeeded in attaining their goals? Questioning and challenging foundational concepts, Minority Languages, National Languages, and Official Language Policies highlights the extent to which governments and international bodies are unable to manage complex linguistic and cultural diversity on an effective and sustained basis. This vol- ume examines the principles, theory, intentions, and outcomes of official poli- cies of multilingualism at the city, regional, and national levels through a series of international case studies. The eleven chapters – most focusing on lesser-known geopolitical contexts and languages – bring to the fore the many paradoxes that underlie the concept of diversity, lived experiences of and atti- tudes toward linguistic and cultural diversity, and the official multilingual policies designed to legally enhance, protect, or constrain otherness. An authoritative source of new and updated information, offering fresh in- terpretations and analyses of evolving sociolinguistic and political phenomena in today’s global world, Minority Languages, National Languages, and Offi- cial Language Policies demonstrates how language policies often fail to deal appropriately or adequately with the issues they are designed to solve. Gillian Lane-Mercier is professor of French literature at McGill University. Denise Merkle is professor of translation at the Université de Moncton. Jane Koustas is professor in the Department of Modern Languages, Litera- tures and Cultures at Brock University. 2 2 M Q U P F A L L 2 0 1 8 S P E C I F I C AT I O N S November 2018 -i2l9lii87l7SShliZZu8Sn-7vZbmU4Zu8Sn-7vZA64Zgchn--ZZ3o3as -i2l9lii87l7SS7l9ZZu,c9n996ZbmU4Zu,c9n996ZA64Zg-cn99ZZ150r$ hZBZ-ZZShS33ZZZZZ a:00£ZoDot5oT5a S P E C I F I C AT I O N S December 2018 -i2l9lii87l7S-Sl2ZZu8in-7vZbmU4Zu8in-7vZA64Zgc2n--ZZ3o3as -i2l9lii87l7S-8l,ZZu,c9n996ZbmU4Zu,c9n996ZA64Zg-cn99ZZ150r$ hZBZ-ZZ8SS33ZZSZko3.4ZcZCtoxsok.4ZSZroT5a.ZZZ a:00£ZoDot5oT5a The Criminalization of Migration Context and Consequences edited by idil atak and james c. simeon A comprehensive, interdisciplinary, and comparative evaluation of the criminalization of migration both within Canada and abroad. L A W • P U B L I C P O L I C Y Minority Languages, National Languages, and Official Language Policies edited by gillian lane-mercier, denise merkle, and jane koustas An examination of the interdisciplinary field of lan- guage policy offering a rich collection of new re- search on diversity and multilingualism. P U B L I C P O L I C Y • S O C I O L I N G U I S T I C S